Narmada Bachao Andolan – Save Narmada Campaign
Narmada Bachao Andolan is the most powerful mass movement, started in 1985, against the construction of a huge dam on the Narmada river. The Narmada is India’s largest west flowing river, which supports a large variety of people with distinguished culture and tradition ranging from the indigenous (tribal) people inhabited in the jungles to a large number of rural population.
So far, there are not less than 50,000 families (about 2,50,000 PAFs) in the three states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat, affected by the Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP), whose land and livelihood-based resettlement and rehabilitation (R&R) as per the Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal Award, 1979 (NWDTA), State Rehabilitation Policies, Judgements of the Supreme Court, 2000 & 2005 and Orders of the Grievance Redressal Authorities (GRAs) is yet to happen. These include thousands of hilly and plain area Adivasis and other farmers, landless labourers, fish workers, potters, artisans, shopkeepers, small traders, encroachers, adult sons, widow women etc. etc